Periodontal disease is advanced and progressed form of gum disease or gingivitis. It is mainly attributed to inflammation and infections that affect the gums and the bone tissues that support, hold, and surround the teeth.
During its early stages, periodontal disease is known as gingivitis and is mainly indicated by swollen and inflamed gums that are easily bruised and bleed quite often. However, periodontal disease is referred to as periodontitis in its advanced stages.
In the advanced stage, it can get more intense, and during this stage, the gums pull away from the teeth forming pockets that harbor and encourage bacterial growth. As it advances, if left unchecked and untreated, periodontal disease can lead to the loss of teeth.
Periodontal disease is quite a common dental issue mainly observed in adults, and next to tooth decay, it is one of the most prevalent dental issues.
The accumulation of plaque mainly causes periodontal disease. It progresses and advances the more plaque accumulates on teeth. Plaque is the sticky substance that forms and coats your teeth's surfaces when the bacteria break down starch and sugar in your mouth.
Plaque can be effectively removed when you practice proper oral hygiene, which involves brushing your teeth at least twice every day after meals and flossing once daily. Plaque, if left to accumulate, hardens and forms a substance known as tartar.
Tartar usually forms and hardens along and under the gum line and can only be removed during professional cleaning sessions such as the ones we offer by our dentist in North Austin, TX. When tartar and plaque accumulate, it can lead to gingivitis, the initial stage of periodontal disease.
Without being treated, gingivitis further develops into periodontitis, characterized by the formation of pockets between your teeth and gums. These pockets hide bacteria, tartar, and plaque, which begin to infect the bone tissue, leading to tooth loss.
You can keep an eye out for several warning signs indicating the early onset of periodontal disease. These include:
Keep in mind that the early signs of periodontal disease may not be so noticeable. The best way to stay ahead of this dental issue is to ensure you visit our dentist near you regularly.
Periodontics in Austin, TX, offers various treatment options for periodontal disease, which may vary from non-surgical to surgical options.
The treatment option selected will be based on the severity and stage of your periodontal disease.
Non-surgical treatment options
Surgical treatment options
It might still be necessary to undergo periodontal surgery even after five years of inactive periodontitis in order to rectify the effects of the dental disease, such as deep gum pockets, receding gums, or even eroded bone tissue.
Our dentist will examine the condition of your teeth and gums and help you make a well-informed choice that will improve your oral health and restore your smile.
Periodontal disease is a preventable dental issue. To avoid this disease, ensure that you practice proper oral hygiene. Brush and floss your teeth correctly every day. Apart from practicing proper oral hygiene, visit our dentist near you regularly for dental checkups and thorough dental cleaning sessions. These professional cleaning procedures are necessary to eliminate accumulated plaque and tartar, which cause periodontal disease.
Contact us at Peak Dental- North Austin for periodontal disease prevention and treatment procedures.